DITA elements have several attributes that support localization and translation.
- Identifies the language of the content, using the standard language and country codes. For instance, French Canadian is identified by the value fr-CA. The xml:lang attribute asserts that all content and attribute values within the element bearing the attribute are in the specified language, except for contained elements that declare a different language.
- Determines whether the element requires translation. A default value can often be inferred from the element type. For example, apiname might be untranslated by default, whereas p might be translated by default.
- Determines the direction in which the content should be rendered.