Maps or map branches can be filtered by adding a ditavalref element that specifies the DITAVAL document to use for that map or map branch.
The ditavalref element is designed to manage conditional processing for the following use cases.
- A map branch needs to be filtered using conditions that do not apply to the rest of the publication. For example, a root map might contain content that is written for both novice and expert users. However, the authors want to add a section that targets only novice users. Using branch filtering, a map branch can be filtered so that it only includes content germane to a novice audience, while the content of the rest of the map remains appropriate for multiple audiences.
- A map branch needs to be presented differently for different audiences. For example, a set of software documentation might contain installation instructions that differ between operating systems. In that case, the map branch with the installation instructions needs to be filtered multiple times with distinct sets of conditions, while the rest of the map remains common to all operating systems.
Filtering rules often are specified globally, outside of the content. When global conditions set a property value to "exclude", that setting overrides any other settings for the same property that are specified at a branch level. Global conditions that set a conditional property to "include" or "flag" do not override branch-level conditions that set the same property to "exclude".
Using ditavalref elements, it is possible to specify one set of conditions for a branch and another set of conditions for a subset of the branch. As with global conditions, properties set to "exclude" for a map branch override any other settings for the same property specified for a subset of the branch. Branch conditions that set a conditional property to "include" or "flag" do not override conditions on a subset of the branch that explicitly set the same property to "exclude".
In addition to filtering, applications MAY support flagging at the branch level based on conditions that are specified in referenced DITAVAL documents.