Darwin Information Typing Architecture (DITA) Version 1.3 Part 1: Base Edition

Darwin Information Typing Architecture (DITA) Version 1.3 Part 1: Base Edition
OASIS DITA Technical Committee

The hasKind element specifies that the contained hierarchy expresses KIND-OF relationships between subjects.

In a KIND-OF hierarchy, the child subject is a particular variety of the parent subject. A KIND-OF hierarchy is sometimes known as an IS-A, generic, or subsumption hierarchy.

Content models

See appendix for information about this element in OASIS document type shells.


- map/topicref subjectScheme/hasKind


This example specifies that cities, towns, and villages are each a kind of settlement. Additionally, bigcity, mediumcity, and smallcity are each a kind of city.

    <subjectdef keys="settlement" navtitle="Human settlement">
      <subjectdef keys="city" navtitle="City">
        <subjectdef keys="bigcity" navtitle="Big city"/>
        <subjectdef keys="mediumcity" navtitle="Medium city"/>
        <subjectdef keys="smallcity" navtitle="Small city"/>
      <subjectdef keys="town" navtitle="Town"/>
      <subjectdef keys="village" navtitle="Village"/>


The following attributes are available on this element: Universal attribute group, Link relationship attribute group (with a narrowed definition of href, given below), processing-role from Attributes common to many map elements, navtitle from Topicref element attributes group, outputclass, keys, and keyref.

A pointer to the resource represented by the topicref. See The href attribute for detailed information on supported values and processing implications. References to DITA content cannot be below the topic level: that is, you cannot reference individual elements inside a topic. References to content other than DITA topics should use the format attribute to identify the kind of resource being referenced.